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Vietnamese Dong

The đồng (/ˈdɒŋ/; Vietnamese: [ɗôŋm]) (sign: ₫; code: VND) has been the currency of Vietnam since May 3, 1978. Issued by the State Bank of Vietnam, it is represented by the symbol "₫". Formerly, it was subdivided into 10 hào, which was further subdivided into 10 xu, neither of which is now used.

Banknotes
First đồng
In 1978, the State Bank of Vietnam (Ngân hàng Nhà nước Việt Nam) introduced notes in denominations of 5 hào, 1, 5, 10, 20, and 50 đồng dated 1976. In 1980, 2 and 10 đồng notes were added, followed by 30 and 100 đồng notes in 1981.
Giấy bạc Việt Nam 100 đồng phát hành năm 1981.Vietnamese 100 đồng note issue in 1981.

Second đồng
In 1985, notes were introduced in denominations of 5 hào, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 100, and 500 đồng. As inflation became endemic, these first banknotes were followed by 200, 1,000, 2,000, and 5,000 đồng notes in 1987, by 10,000 and 50,000 đồng notes in 1990, by a 20,000 đồng note in 1991, a 100,000 đồng note in 1994, a 500,000 đồng note in 2003, and a 200,000 đồng note in 2006.

Five banknote series have appeared. Except for the current series, dated 2003, all were confusing to the user and lacked a unified themes in their designs. The first table below shows the latest banknotes, of 100 đồng or higher, prior to the current series.
Giấy bạc 10 000 đồng Việt Nam phát hành năm 2003.Vietnamese 10,000 đồng note issued in 2003.

On June 7, 2007, the government ordered cessation of the issuance of the cotton 50,000 and 100,000₫ notes. They were taken out of circulation by September 1, 2007.[8] 10,000 and 20,000₫ cotton notes are no longer in circulation as of January 1, 2013.

Pre-2003 Banknotes in Circulation
 Value  Dimensions  Main Color  Description Date of 
 Obverse  Reverse  printing  issue
 100₫  120 × 59 mm
 Brown on green background
 National designs
 Phổ Minh Pagoda  1991
 May 2, 1992
 200₫ 
 130 × 65 mm
 Orange Ho Chi Minh  Agricultural production
 1987
 September 30, 1987
 500₫  
 130 × 65 mm 
 Pink  Port Haiphong  1988  August 15, 1989
 1,000₫ 
 134 × 65 mm
 Multicolor on lime background  Lumber productions  October 20, 1989
 2,000₫   
 134 × 65 mm
 Multicolor  Textile factory
 5,000₫   
 134 × 65 mm
 Blue  Trị An hydropower plant  1991  January 15, 1993
 10,000₫   
 140 × 68 mm
 Red  Halong Bay
 1993  October 15, 1994
 20,000₫ 
 140 × 68 mm
 Blue  Canned food factory  1991  March 2, 1993
 50,000₫  
 140 × 68 mm
 Green  Nhà Rồng Port  1994  October 15, 1994
 100,000₫  145 × 71 mm
 Brown  Ho Chi Minh's ethnic house  September 1, 2000

Since 2003, Vietnam has replaced its cotton banknotes with plastic polymer banknotes, which it claims will reduce costs. Many newspapers in the country criticized these changes, citing mistakes in printing and alleging that the son of the governor of the State Bank of Vietnam benefited from printing contracts. The government clamped down on these criticisms by banning two newspapers from publishing for a month and considering other sanctions against other newspapers.

2003 Polymer Series
 Value  Dimensions  Main Color  Description Date of 
 Obverse  Reverse  printing  issue
 10,000₫  132 × 60mm
 Dark brown on greenish yellow
Ho Chi Minh  Offshore platform  1991
 May 2, 1992
 20,000₫ 
 136 × 65 mm
 Blue
 Covered bridge in Hoi An
 1987
 September 30, 1987
 50,000₫  
 140 × 65 mm 
 Pink  Hue  1988  August 15, 1989
 100,000₫ 
 144 × 65 mm
 Yellowish green  Temple of Literature  October 20, 1989
 200,000₫   
 148 × 65mm
 Brownish-red  Halong Bay
 500,000₫   
 152 × 65 mm
 Cyan-Green  Ho Chi Minh's birthplace in Kim Lien  1991  January 15, 1993

A commemorative polymer 50-đồng banknote dedicated to the fiftieth anniversary of the State Bank of Vietnam was issued in 2001, but its face value is so tiny that it clearly was meant only for collectors. The note usually comes in a presentation folder.

Exchange Rates should be found on http://www.xe.com/
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